These schools include the Systems School which was developed in the s and the contingency theory which developed in the s Wren, Most of the managers in the organizations carry out the five management roles stated by Fayol. The systems approach assists in studying the functions of complex organisations and has been utilised as the base for the new kinds of organisations like project management organisation.
That is forecasting and planning, organizing and commanding. Planning entails selecting mission and objectives and devising strategies to attain the objectives. Management theories are important in the management of the organization.
Discipline is important in any organization as it leads to increased productivity. This theory reckons that there is no management blue print that can be applicable to all scenarios in an organization. The principles guide managers in carrying out their management functions named above.
Thus, they maintain good relationship with their employees.
It receives information, material and energy from other systems as inputs. This approach helps us to evolve practical answers to the problems remanding solutions. One of the main contributors to this thought was Fredrick Herzberg and Abraham Maslow who developed the infamous needs hierarchy for explaining employee behavior.
The increasing volatility of the business environment has also raised concerns among executives on their ability to ensure profitability through the application of more efficient exploitation of their resources Raduan, et al, These two theories essentially cover the most crucial aspects of management in any organization.
Taylor encouraged scientific training of employees in the organization and this improved their performance and output Olum, It considers the political factors, economic factors, social factors, technological factors, environmental factors, and legal factors Raduan, et al, The theory, which was developed as a result of extensive experiments, concluded that human attitudes could affect their productivity either positively or negatively Mitcham, These inputs undergo a transformation process within the system and leave the system as output to other systems.
The procedures help in the coordination of the organization and activities. The chain of command in the organizations is made up of the top positions and their duties and also the lower position and their roles. According to this, internal and external environment of the organisation is made up of the organisational sub-systems.
The resource based view of the organization and the systems theory further reinforce the scientific by emphasizing the importance of processes and their coordination in the organization Raduan, et al, In the systems approach, attention is paid towards the overall effectiveness of the system rather than the effectiveness of the sub-systems.
The hierarchy progresses from the most basis needs to as follows: The two-factor theory identifies the motivating factors as recognition, promotion, job enlargement, job enrichment, and job empowerment among others. The specific management system includes the analysis of organisational structure, information, planning and control mechanism and job design, etc.
This school consisted of scientific management sbureaucratic management sand administrative management s Wren, Its contributions and usefulness could hardly be over-emphasized.
In addition, managers should organize activities in the organization well to achieve organizational goals.Modern Management Theory: Quantitative, System and Contingency Approaches to Management!
The Modern Period ( to present). After, management thought has been turning somewhat away from the extreme human relations ideas particularly regarding the.
Contributions of scientific and human relations management approaches It will evaluate several associated theories of Scientific Management or the Human Relations Approach through literature support and principle methods.
Finally the essay will study the place of each management method in modern day business before suggesting a conclusion.
evaluate the relevance of these different approaches to the present-day management of organisations; his contribution to the theory of manage- CHAPTER 2 APPROACHES TO ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT 43 Figure Main approaches to organisation, structure and management.
Hence this review of Classical Management Theories was Humanistic Management Theories, Situational Management theories and Modern Management Theories etc. Classical Management Theories were reviewed in this research work.
Classical management theories were developed to predict and control behavior in century and early twentieth century.
Historical and Contemporary Theories of Management Overview and other early management theories, and then move on to more modern approaches.
The Scientific Approach Taylor was the founder of the Scientific Approach to management, which focused on. MODERN MANAGEMENT THEORIES AND PRACTICES: A CRITICAL OVERVIEW that those managers who have mixed management theory in their day-to-day practice, have had better chances of managing their organizations more leadership styles and approaches and communication.
5 Controlling, for example, budget for expense, is the measuring and correcting.Download